THE DISEASE CALLED DIPHTHERIA

What is Diphtheria? Diphtheria is a rare, highly communicable disease known to man from as far back as the 5th Century BC, when it was first discovered and described by the Classical Greek Physician, Hippocrates. The disease is caused by a bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract.Continue reading “THE DISEASE CALLED DIPHTHERIA”

DENGUE FEVER: THE VECTOR-BORNE DISEASE

What is Dengue Fever? Dengue Fever is a severe, painful disease with acute flu-like symptoms caused by a virus that is transmitted through the bite of a particular mosquito species. The disease is also called “breakbone fever” due to the intense pains it causes in the joints and muscles. The disease has a widespread prevalenceContinue reading “DENGUE FEVER: THE VECTOR-BORNE DISEASE”

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE COVID-19 VACCINE

Introduction The COVID-19 outbreak remains one of the biggest public health threats ever experienced by mankind since the history of infectious diseases. Currently, over 216 million cases and 4.5 million deaths have occurred worldwide, causing a great deal of panic, decrease in healthcare access, and economic distress. No widely approved treatment currently exists for COVID-19;Continue reading “WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE COVID-19 VACCINE”

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE: A BURDEN AMONG THE ELDERLY

What is Alzheimer’s Disease? Alzheimer’s disease is a mental degenerative disorder common among elderly individuals and is characterized by gradual loss of memory, cognitive skills, speech and even loss of basic ability to carry out routine tasks. It is also referred to as Senile Dementia due to its prevalence among the older adults and theContinue reading “ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE: A BURDEN AMONG THE ELDERLY”

THE DISEASE CALLED PNEUMONIA

What is Pneumonia? Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection that causes inflammation of the alveoli (air sacs) in the Lungs. The disease is mostly common among children and is the single largest infectious cause of child deaths worldwide, accounting for an average of about 15% of all deaths in children under five years of age.Continue reading “THE DISEASE CALLED PNEUMONIA”

ALL ABOUT MENINGITIS

What is Meningitis? Meningitis is a severe disease caused by microbial infection of the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) found in the protective layers surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges), leading to inflammation and swelling, along with a host of other symptoms. Meningitis is considered a major public health threat and has a cosmopolitan distribution, meaningContinue reading “ALL ABOUT MENINGITIS”

ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MEASLES

What is Measles? Measles is a highly contagious viral disease common among children under five years of age, with a known history of causing major epidemics in various parts of the world. Before the implementation of widespread measles vaccination campaigns, the disease recorded over 2.6 million worldwide infections yearly, with a global average of aboutContinue reading “ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MEASLES”

GINGIVITIS: A DENTAL MENACE

What is Gingivitis? Gingivitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the gums (gingiva) due to certain causes such as microbial infection (mainly), but may be mechanical (gum injury) in some cases. It is considered a periodontal condition, meaning that it does not affect the teeth, but only occurs in areas around the baseContinue reading “GINGIVITIS: A DENTAL MENACE”

ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE: A GLOBAL THREAT

What is Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)? In order to fully understand the concept of antimicrobial resistance, it is important to first understand the term ‘antimicrobials’ and their use in the medical sector. Antimicrobials are drugs or substances that are capable of destroying or preventing the growth of microorganisms that could be potential pathogens. They encompass variousContinue reading “ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE: A GLOBAL THREAT”

TUBERCULOSIS: A MAJOR PUBLIC HEALTH THREAT

Overview of Tuberculosis Tuberculosis is a highly infectious disease of the respiratory system in humans. It is one of the oldest diseases ever known to man, and has been associated with a high mortality rate in the absence of adequate treatment and in immunologically weakened persons. It is generally regarded as a disease of povertyContinue reading “TUBERCULOSIS: A MAJOR PUBLIC HEALTH THREAT”